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Sports Psychology – Self-Efficacy

4. Developing Self-Efficacy

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In this lecture, we think about how we can develop people’s self-efficacy, focusing in particular on: (i) imagery and visualisation as a psychological technique to manufacture self-efficacy through creating internal visions; (ii) the potential drawback of visualisation being that it is not always controllable, meaning that an individual may inadvertently visualise a negative experience and diminish their self-efficacy; (iii) Munroe-Chandler, Hall and Fishburne’s 2008 paper exploring the use of imagery by young football players; (iv) the role that motivational general mastery plays in improving self-efficacy and self-confidence; (v) the use of hypnosis in improving self-efficacy as a lesser explored intervention in sports psychology, which Dr Barker’s research has shown to be successful at enhancing self-efficacy and positive mood.


In this course, Dr Jamie Barker (Loughborough University) explores self-efficacy in the context of sport and exercise performance. In the first lecture, we think about how self-efficacy and self-confidence are defined and differentiated. In the second lecture, we think about Bandura’s four sources of self-efficacy: past success, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional state. In the third lecture, we think about some of the key benefits of a high level of self-efficacy on sporting performance. Next, we think about some techniques for developing self-efficacy, including imagery and hypnosis. In the fifth and final lecture, we think about how self-efficacy and arrogance can be differentiated.


Dr Jamie Barker is a senior lecturer in the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at Loughborough University. Dr Barker’s research interests include intervention effectiveness, group dynamics, leadership and resilience within applied sport and performance research. Some of Dr Barker’s recent publications include 'Psychological support for sport coaches: An exploration of practitioner psychologist perspectives' (2018) and 'Investigating the effects of irrational and rational self-statements on motor-skill and hazard-perception performance' (2018).

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APA style

Barker, J. (2022, May 03). Sports Psychology – Self-Efficacy - Developing Self-Efficacy [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Barker, J. "Sports Psychology – Self-Efficacy – Developing Self-Efficacy." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 May 2022,

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