You are not currently logged in. Please create an account or log in to view the full course.

Forensic Psychology – Dealing with Offenders

1. Punitive Measures

This is the course trailer. Please create an account or log in to view this lecture.

  • Description
  • Cite

About this Lecture


In this first module, we think about the punitive aspects of dealing with offenders, focusing in particular on: (i) the definition of custodial sentencing as custody serving as punishment for a crime; (ii) the four custodial aims, which are deterrent, incapacitation, retribution, and rehabilitation; (iii) the psychological effects of custodial sentencing on those incarcerated, including stress, depression, institutionalisation, prisonisation and prisonerisation; (iv) the role of institutionalisation in making the prison system seem like a more positive environment, when compared to the potentially harsher and less predictable realities of the outside world; (v) the role that governments can play in enhancing the perceived effectiveness of imprisonment, in order that they appear to be ‘tough on crime’.


This course, by Professor Ciarán O’Keeffe (Buckinghamshire New University), explores how the judicial system deals with offenders, from both a punishment arm and a rehabilitation arm. In the first module, we think about dealing with offenders from a punitive perspective by exploring the four custodial aims: deterrent, incapacitation, retribution, and rehabilitation. In the second module, we think about behaviour modification as the first form of rehabilitation, understanding it as an application of operant conditioning. Next, we think about anger management as another form of rehabilitation, including the three stages of cognitive behavioural techniques application, and Ainsworth’s three stages of an anger management programme. In the fourth and final module, we think about restorative justice as the last form of rehabilitation, discussing its benefits for both the offender and the victim.


Ciarán O’Keeffe is associate professor at Buckinghamshire New University. He specialises in both forensic and criminal psychology, as well as parapsychology (the study of mental phenomena which are inexplicable by conventional psychology). Professor O’Keeffe’s background is in investigative psychology and now teaches across a range of forensic and criminal psychology courses. He has made numerous television and radio appearances alongside an array of celebrities.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

O'Keeffe, C. (2022, March 29). Forensic Psychology – Dealing with Offenders - Punitive Measures [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

O'Keeffe, Ciarán. "Forensic Psychology – Dealing with Offenders – Punitive Measures." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Mar 2022,

Get instant access to over 4,000 lectures