You are not currently logged in. Please create an account or log in to view the full course.
2. Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Congress
About this Lecture
In this module we explore the various potential causes of women’s underrepresentation in the US Congress, focusing in particular on: (i) the structural factors and gendered institutions that may have contributed to this underrepresentation, including a lack of any formal quota system, the concept of incumbency advantage, and the use of single member electoral districts; (ii) the candidate emergence process and gendered differences in the political ambitions of potential candidates for Congress; (iii) voter biases and stereotypes, in particular the stereotype that women are seen as communal and men as agentic; (iv) how gendered stereotypes may have both positive and negative effects on the numbers of women serving in Congress.
In this course, Dr Tessa Ditonto (Durham University) explores the representation of women in the United States Congress. In the first module, we explore women’s representation in the US Congress, focusing in particular on the history of women’s representation in the US Congress and statistics on women presently serving in Congress as of 2022. Then, in the second module, we explore the various potential causes of women’s underrepresentation in the US Congress, focusing primarily on structural factors, the candidate emergence process, and the role of voter biases and stereotypes on the numbers of women serving in Congress. Finally, in the third module, we explore Hanna Pitkin’s concept of descriptive representation, and outline arguments for increasing the descriptive representation of women in the US Congress. This course is relevant to both the US Politics and Non-Core Political Ideas: Feminism sections of the AQA and Edexcel A Level Politics specifications.
Dr. Ditonto is an associate professor in the School of Government and International Affairs at Durham University. Her research interests include gender and politics, political psychology, American politics, and voting behaviour. Her work focuses in particular on perceptions of female political candidates, the role of stereotypes and prejudice in voter decision-making, and the effects of information and cognition on political behaviour. She recently wrote the entry for 'Voting and Gender' for The Sage Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender.
Cite this Lecture
Ditonto, T. (2022, August 25). US Politics – Women in Congress - Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Congress [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/us-politics-women-in-congress/causes-of-women-s-underrepresentation-in-congress
Ditonto, T. "US Politics – Women in Congress – Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Congress." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 25 Aug 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/us-politics-women-in-congress/causes-of-women-s-underrepresentation-in-congress