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1. The Top Down and Bottom Up Approaches
About this Lecture
In this first module, we think about the top down and bottom up approaches to offender profiling, focusing in particular on: (i) understanding offender profiling as lending psychological assistance to criminal investigations by being able to understand the characteristics of a criminal through information gathered at the crime scene; (ii) reviewing a range of definitions of offender profiling within psychology; (iii) understanding the top down approach as using crime information to establish offender characteristics; (iv) working through the stages of David Canter’s bottom up approach to offender profiling.
This course, by Professor Ciarán O’Keeffe (Buckinghamshire New University), explores offender profiling. In the first module, we think about the top down and bottom up approaches to profiling, and review a range of definitions of offender profiling. In the second module, we think about the FBI’s organised and disorganised crime scene and criminal typologies. Next, we think about the investigative psychology approach as an alternative to the ‘FBI approach’. In the fourth and final module, we think about geographic profiling and its origins in John Snow’s ‘cholera map’ of London.
Ciarán O’Keeffe is associate professor at Buckinghamshire New University. He specialises in both forensic and criminal psychology, as well as parapsychology (the study of mental phenomena which are inexplicable by conventional psychology). Professor O’Keeffe’s background is in investigative psychology and now teaches across a range of forensic and criminal psychology courses. He has made numerous television and radio appearances alongside an array of celebrities.
Cite this Lecture
O'Keeffe, C. (2022, March 29). Forensic Psychology – Offender Profiling - The Top Down and Bottom Up Approaches [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/forensic-psychology-offender-profiling/the-top-down-and-bottom-up-approaches
O'Keeffe, Ciarán. "Forensic Psychology – Offender Profiling – The Top Down and Bottom Up Approaches." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Mar 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/forensic-psychology-offender-profiling/the-top-down-and-bottom-up-approaches