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Forensic Psychology – Cognitive Explanations for Offending

3. Cognitive Distortions

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About this Lecture

Lecture

In this third module, we think about cognitive distortions beyond moral reasoning, focusing in particular on: (i) defining cognitive distortions as errors and distortions in one’s thinking; (ii) understanding hostile attribution bias as a tendency to misinterpret the actions of others, seeing them as hostile or confrontational when they are not and minimalisation as downplaying the seriousness of an offence; (iii) hostile attribution bias in practice for non-criminal populations, as demonstrated by ‘road rage’; (iv) Crick and Dodge’s social information processing model, contextualised with angry children’s responses to environmental stimuli; (v) minimilisation in the form of using euphemisms and other evasive techniques to avoid acceptance and acknowledgment of criminal behaviour.

Course

This course, by Professor Ciarán O’Keeffe (Buckinghamshire New University), explores cognitive explanations for offending. In the first module, we think about Eysenck’s criminal personality theory, which separates personality measures into three dimensions: extraversion and introversion (E), neuroticism and stability (N), and psychoticism (P). In the second module, we think about Kohlberg’s developmental theory of moral reasoning, with a particular focus on his preconventional stage. Next, we think about cognitive distortions beyond moral reasoning, including hostile attribution theory, minimalisation, and Crick & Dodge’s social information processing model. In the fourth and final module, we think about Sunderland’s 1939 differential association theory, its criticisms, and its influence on Bandura’s social learning theory.

Lecturer

Ciarán O’Keeffe is associate professor at Buckinghamshire New University. He specialises in both forensic and criminal psychology, as well as parapsychology (the study of mental phenomena which are inexplicable by conventional psychology). Professor O’Keeffe’s background is in investigative psychology and now teaches across a range of forensic and criminal psychology courses. He has made numerous television and radio appearances alongside an array of celebrities.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

O'Keeffe, C. (2022, March 24). Forensic Psychology – Cognitive Explanations for Offending - Cognitive Distortions [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/forensic-psychology-cognitive-explanations-for-offending/cognitive-distortions-da3c71ce-2812-4026-814c-c33e06bd46f6

MLA style

O'Keeffe, Ciarán. "Forensic Psychology – Cognitive Explanations for Offending – Cognitive Distortions." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 24 Mar 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/forensic-psychology-cognitive-explanations-for-offending/cognitive-distortions-da3c71ce-2812-4026-814c-c33e06bd46f6

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