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2. Stalemate in 1914
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the first year of the war and ask why it was that the war of movement that everyone had expected did not arise. Why was it, in other words, did the fighting in 1914 end up in a stalemate? In particular, we think about French and German strategy on the Western front, the weaponry available to both sides at the time, and the nature of the fighting elsewhere in Europe.
In this course, Dr Rob Johnson (University of Oxford) looks at the First World War from the point of view of the military strategies of each side. The course begins by considering the preparations for war, particularly those of Germany, before moving on to consider the reasons for the stalemate on the Western front in 1914. After that, we consider the various attempts to break the deadlock—the expansion into new theatres of war (particularly in the Middle East) and the development and use of new technologies (including tanks and poison gas). In the final module, we explore how the war finally came to an end.
Dr Rob Johnson works on the History of War in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with particular interest in the First World War, the Indian Army and the so-called 'sideshows'; the Inter-War Years, and more recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and the Middle East. Thematically, he focuses on strategy, conventional operations, tactical developments, revolutionary warfare, intelligence and counter-insurgency.
Dr Johnson is also the Director of the Changing Character of War Programme which is an interdisciplinary study of war and armed conflict at the University of Oxford.
Cite this Lecture
Johnson, R. (2018, August 15). World War I: The Military Strategies of the Great Powers, 1914-18 - Stalemate in 1914 [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/world-war-i-the-military-strategies-of-the-great-powers-1914-18/stalemate-in-1914
Johnson, Rob. "World War I: The Military Strategies of the Great Powers, 1914-18 – Stalemate in 1914." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/world-war-i-the-military-strategies-of-the-great-powers-1914-18/stalemate-in-1914