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US History – The War of 1898

3. Aftermath: The Philippines

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In this module, we explore the aftermath and consequences of the war for the Philippines, and what effect this had on the US. The US suppressed Philippine resistance during the war and after, assuming the role of the Spanish which they had much maligned before the war. Direct imperialism in the Philippines was unpopular in the United States and eventually led to Philippine independence. This revulsion to direct imperialism birthed a new US policy of indirect empire which would come to dominate US foreign policy in the 20th century.


In this course, Professor Jay Sexton (University of Missouri) explains the effects of the War of 1898 on the United States. We start by introducing the period as a whole and discussing the nomenclature of the topic. We then turn to examine the war itself and how it symbolised the victory of pro-imperialist arguments in the United States. After this, we turn to examine the aftermath and consequences of the war on three regions: (i) the Philippines; (ii) China; and (iii) the Caribbean.


Jay Sexton is the Rich and Nancy Kinder Chair of Constitutional Democracy and Professor of History at the University of Missouri. He is also a former Director of the Rothermere American Institute (RAI), a Distinguished Fellow of the RAI and an Emeritus Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He specialises in the political and economic history of the nineteenth century and has written a number of books including A Nation Forged by Crisis: A New American History, Debtor Diplomacy: Finance and American Foreign Relations in the Civil War Era, 1837-1873, and The Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Sexton, J. (2022, January 11). US History – The War of 1898 - Aftermath: The Philippines [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Sexton, J. "US History – The War of 1898 – Aftermath: The Philippines." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 11 Jan 2022,

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