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12. James Buchanan: Economic Depression
About this Lecture
In this module, we explore the presidency of James Buchanan, by looking at the consequences of the economic depression of the late 1850s. In particular, we focus on: (i) the panic of 1857 and economic depression that followed; and (ii) how the depression was felt more in the North than the South, leading to the prevalence of the idea of "King Cotton".
In this course, Professor Nicole Etcheson (Ball State University) explores the failures of compromise between North and South during the 1850s. In the first module, we examine the question of whether there could be a compromise on slavery at all. After this, we explore the finality of compromise in the early 1950s by looking at the Wilmot Proviso, the Fugitive Slave Law and political change in the period. From there, we look at whether there was a Slave Power conspiracy in the 1850s by looking at the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the caning of Charles Sumner, Bleeding Kansas, and the setting up of filibuster governments in the period. In the next modules, we explore the presidency of James Buchanan in more detail, exploring the Dred Scott decision, the Utah Territory, the Lecompton Constitution, and the late 1850s economic depression. In the final modules, we look at whether there was an abolitionist conspiracy during the 1850s, exploring the Lincoln-Douglas debates, the raid on Harpers Ferry by John Brown, and the election of 1860.
Professor Nicole Etcheson is Alexander M. Bracken Professor of History at Ball State University. She specialises in the history of the sectional crisis, the Jacksonian era, the Civil War and Reconstruction. She has written widely on these themes, including her book, A Generation at War: The Civil War Era in a Northern Community (2011), which won the 2012 Avery O. Craven Award from the Organization of American Historians for most original book on the Civil War era and the 2012 Best Nonfiction Book of Indiana.
Cite this Lecture
Etcheson, N. (2022, April 21). US History - Failure of Compromise, 1848-61 - James Buchanan: Economic Depression [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/us-history-failure-of-compromise-1848-61/james-buchanan-economic-depression
Etcheson, N. "US History - Failure of Compromise, 1848-61 – James Buchanan: Economic Depression." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 21 Apr 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/us-history-failure-of-compromise-1848-61/james-buchanan-economic-depression