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The Second Crusade, 1147-49: Essay Questions

3. Why did the Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensify during the Twelfth Century?

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About this Lecture

Lecture

In this module, we think about why Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensified during the Twelfth Century. We begin by considering some of the more popular arguments (e.g. the weakness of the Turks in the First Crusade, the importance of figures such as Zengi and Saladin, the concept of jihad, etc.) before moving on to think about some of the sources that are available that might help us answer the question.

Suggested reading:
– Niall Christie, Muslims and Crusaders: Christianity's Wars in the Middle East, 1095-1382, from the Islamic Sources (2014)
– Carole Hillenbrand, The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives (1999)
– Nicholas Morton, The Field of Blood: The Battle for Aleppo and the Remaking of the Medieval Middle East (2018)
– Malcolm Barber and Keith Bate, Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th–13th Centuries (2013)

Course

In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) considers four questions related the Second Crusade, 1147-49: (i) How did the Crusader States survive and grow in the decades following the First Crusade?; (ii) Why did the Second Crusade fail?; (iii) Why did the Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensify during the Twelfth Century?; (iv) How committed was Saladin to Jihad against the Franks during the years 1169-1187? In each module, we outline some potential approaches to the question, as well as considering the sources that are available that might help us answer the question.

Lecturer

Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.

Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Morton, N. (2018, August 21). The Second Crusade, 1147-49: Essay Questions - Why did the Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensify during the Twelfth Century? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1147-49-essay-questions/why-did-the-turkish-resistance-to-the-crusaders-intensify-during-the-twelfth-century

MLA style

Morton, Nicholas. "The Second Crusade, 1147-49: Essay Questions – Why did the Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensify during the Twelfth Century?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 21 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1147-49-essay-questions/why-did-the-turkish-resistance-to-the-crusaders-intensify-during-the-twelfth-century