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5. The Second Crusade on Other Frontiers
About this Lecture
In this module, we think how the Second Crusade was carried out in other parts of Europe, including in the Iberian peninsula and the Baltic states, focusing in particular on: (i) the history of the conflict between Christians and Muslims in the Iberian peninsula, and the recent successes of the Christians, including the successful Siege of Toledo (1185); (ii) the use by the Christian rulers in Iberia of rhetoric from the First Crusade to promote their own campaigns against the Muslims; (iii) the arrival to the Iberian peninsula of a contingent of crusaders from northern Europe and their support of Alfonso I of Portugal in the Siege of Lisbon (1147); (iv) two more successes for the Christians in Iberia: the Siege of Almería (1147) by Alfonso VII of León and Castile, and the Siege of Tortosa by Count Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona; (v) the progress and success (or otherwise) of the Wendish Crusade in northern Europe including: the influence of Bernard of Clairvaux's preaching campaign in Germany; the decision of a group of Saxon nobles to carry out a campaign against the (pagan) Polabian Slavs (or Wends); the pope's approval of the plan in his papal bull Divina dispensatione; the successes at Malchow and Dobin; the attack on the Christian city of Stettin.
In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) explores the Second Crusade (1144-48). We start by thinking about the origins of the Second Crusade, focusing in particular on the fall of Edessa at the hands of Zengi. In the second module, we think about launch of the Second Crusade, before turning in the third module to think about the (separate) progress of Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France from Europe to the Crusader states. In the fourth module, we think about the Siege of Damascus and the failure of the Second Crusade, before turning in the fifth and final module to other frontiers of the Second Crusade, including the conflict between Christians and Muslims in the Iberian peninsula, and the so-called Wendish Crusade.
Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.
Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.
Cite this Lecture
Morton, N. (2018, August 15). The Second Crusade, 1144-48 - The Second Crusade on Other Frontiers [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-second-crusade-on-other-frontiers
Morton, Nicholas. "The Second Crusade, 1144-48 – The Second Crusade on Other Frontiers." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-second-crusade-on-other-frontiers