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3. The Journey East
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the progress of the armies of Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France from Europe to the Crusader States, focusing in particular on: (i) the choice of both Conrad III and Louis VII to take the overland route to the Crusader States, travelling through Eastern Europe, the Byzantine Empire and Turkish-held Anatolia; (ii) the progress of Conrad III and his army, including: the relatively easy progress through Eastern Europe and the Byzantine Empire; the difficulties faced after moving into Turkish-held Anatolia; the wearing down of the as result of Turkish 'hit-and-run' tactics; (iii) the progress of Louis VII and his army: the relatively easy progress through Eastern Europe and the Byzantine Empire; the difficulties faced by the French after moving into Turkish-held Anatolia; the defeat of the army at the Battle of Mount Cadmus (1148); the arrival of the remnants of the French forces in Antioch; (iv) the failure to mount a campaign to recapture Edessa (the original purpose of the Second Crusade) and the possible reasons for this failure, including: the hopelessness of Edessa's position; the lack of manpower; the rumours of an affair between Louis's wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and Raymond, Prince of Antioch; and (v) the progress of Louis' forces south the Kingdom of Jerusalem, where they were joined by Conrad III of Germany.
In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) explores the Second Crusade (1144-48). We start by thinking about the origins of the Second Crusade, focusing in particular on the fall of Edessa at the hands of Zengi. In the second module, we think about launch of the Second Crusade, before turning in the third module to think about the (separate) progress of Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France from Europe to the Crusader states. In the fourth module, we think about the Siege of Damascus and the failure of the Second Crusade, before turning in the fifth and final module to other frontiers of the Second Crusade, including the conflict between Christians and Muslims in the Iberian peninsula, and the so-called Wendish Crusade.
Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.
Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.
Cite this Lecture
Morton, N. (2018, August 15). The Second Crusade, 1144-48 - The Journey East [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-journey-east
Morton, N. "The Second Crusade, 1144-48 – The Journey East." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-journey-east