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The First Crusade, 1095-99: Essay Questions

2. What motivated warriors and pilgrims from across Christendom to participate in the First Crusade?

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About this Lecture

Lecture

In this module, we think about the motivations that warriors and pilgrims may have had for making the long and dangerous journey to the Holy Land. We begin by considering some of the more popular arguments, before moving on to think about the sources that are available that might help us answer the question.

Suggested reading:
– Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 (1997)
– Jonathan Riley-Smith, ‘Crusading as an Act of Love’, History Vol. 65, No. 214 (1980), pp. 177-92
– Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading (1972) – Nicholas Morton, Encountering Islam on the First Crusade (2016)
– Conor Kostick, The Social Structure of the First Crusade (2008) – Malcolm Barber and Keith Bate, Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th–13th Centuries (2013)

Course

In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) considers three questions related to the First Crusade, 1095-99: (i) Why did Pope Urban II launch the First Crusade?; (ii) What motivated warriors and pilgrims from across Christendom to participate in the First Crusade?; and (iii) Why did the First Crusade succeed? In each module, we outline some potential approaches to the question, as well as considering the sources that are available that might help us answer the question.

Lecturer

Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.

Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Morton, N. (2018, August 21). The First Crusade, 1095-99: Essay Questions - What motivated warriors and pilgrims from across Christendom to participate in the First Crusade? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-first-crusade-1095-99-essay-questions/2-what-motivated-warriors-and-pilgrims-from-across-christendom-to-participate-in-the-first-crusade

MLA style

Morton, Nicholas. "The First Crusade, 1095-99: Essay Questions – What motivated warriors and pilgrims from across Christendom to participate in the First Crusade?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 21 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-first-crusade-1095-99-essay-questions/2-what-motivated-warriors-and-pilgrims-from-across-christendom-to-participate-in-the-first-crusade

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