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3. Retreat or Renewal?
About this Lecture
In this module, we focus on developments in the British Empire under the Labour Government of Clement Attlee. In particular, we think about the withdrawal of India, Burma (Myanmar) and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from the Empire, but also the various acts that Britain introduced to consolidate its position with the remaining colonies—including military support to fight off potential coups d’état.
In this course, Dr Simon Potter (University of Bristol) explores the final decades of the British Empire, from the end of the Second World War in 1945 to Britain’s withdrawal of troops “East of Suez”, announced by Harold Wilson in 1968. As we move through the course, we think about the impact of the Second World War, the withdrawal of India and Burma from the Empire in the late 1940s, the Suez Crisis of 1956, Harold Macmillan’s now famous ‘Wind of Change’ speech, delivered in Cape Town in 1960.
Simon Potter is Reader in Modern History at Bristol University. His early research examined the role played by newspapers and news agencies in linking up the component parts of the ‘British world’ (Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa) in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. More recently, he has written on the role of the BBC in building and strengthening imperial connections since 1922, and its response to the decline of the British world after the Second World War. He is also interested in the broader history of the British world, and in the historiography of the British empire.
Cite this Lecture
Potter, S. (2018, August 15). The End of the British Empire, 1945-1968 - Retreat or Renewal? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-end-of-the-british-empire-1945-1968/retreat-or-renewal
Potter, Simon. "The End of the British Empire, 1945-1968 – Retreat or Renewal?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-end-of-the-british-empire-1945-1968/retreat-or-renewal