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3. Origins: The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan and NATO
About this Lecture
In this module, we continue our discussion of the origins of the Cold War, focusing in particular on: (i) the Truman Doctrine, a foreign policy aimed at preventing the expansion of Soviet influence wherever it may arise; (ii) the Marshall Plan, a US initiative that transferred over $12 billion in foreign aid to Western European economies between 1948-52; (iii) the combination of the French, British and American occupation zones in Berlin, the Berlin Blockade, and the Berlin Airlift; (iv) the establishment of NATO (1949) and the Warsaw Pact (1955); and (iv) the question of who is to blame for the escalation in tensions in this period.
In this course, Dr Thomas Tunstall Allcock (University of Manchester) provides an introduction to the Cold War, 1947-91, the period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc) and the United States and its allies (the Western Block). In the first module, we provide an introduction to the topic as a whole, considering how we should actually define the Cold War, and its diplomatic, economic and ideological dimensions. In the second and third modules, we think about the origins of the Cold War, before turning in the fourth module to consider the importance of the Korean War (1950-53) on the conflict. In the fifth module, we think about the domestic impact of the Cold War, before turning in the sixth module to consider how the Cold War began to incorporate tensions in Africa, Asia and South America to become an increasingly global conflict. In the seventh module, we consider the importance of the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) to the development of the Cold War, before turning in the eighth module to the most important conflict of them all – Vietnam (1955-75). In the ninth module, we consider the development of the war between 1968-75, a period of easing tensions between the US and Soviet Union known as Detente, before turning in the tenth module to the ratcheting up of tensions during the presidency of Jimmy Carter (1977-81). Finally, in the eleventh module, we think about how the Cold War came to an end.
Dr Tom Tunstall Allcock is a lecturer in American history at the University of Manchester. His research focuses on U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War, with particular interests in U.S.-Latin American relations, presidential history and diplomacy, and the cultural history of the Cold War.
Cite this Lecture
Tunstall Allcock, T. (2020, February 05). Cold War – Overview, 1945-1991 - Origins: The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan and NATO [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-cold-war-1945-1991/origins-the-truman-doctrine-marshall-plan-and-nato
Tunstall Allcock, T. "Cold War – Overview, 1945-1991 – Origins: The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan and NATO." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 05 Feb 2020, https://www.massolit.io/courses/the-cold-war-1945-1991/origins-the-truman-doctrine-marshall-plan-and-nato