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Sports Psychology – Models and Theories

3. Reinvestment and Decision-Making

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In this module, we think about reinvestment and its implications for sport performance. We begin by defining reinvestment as the conscious attempt to control movements which have become automated by returning to explicit rules and discuss why a tendency towards reinvestment is generally seen as a negative character trait in athletes. We then move on to think about how reinvestment can be measured, focusing in particular on the Decision-Specific Reinvestment Scale (DSRS). Finally, we examine several studies which suggest that high levels of reinvestment have a negative impact on the decision-making ability of sports officials and consider some of the practical implications of this research.


In this course, Dr Dan Bishop (Brunel University London) discusses a range of topics in Sports and Exercise Psychology. In module one we think about how anxiety impacts sport performance before moving on, in module two, to look at the relationship between exercise and mental health. Throughout the remaining modules we then explore a variety of personality and individual differences attributes, including reinvestment and its impact on decision-making in module three, learning by observing and imagining in module four and different psychological models of the athlete personality in module five.


Dr Dan Bishop is a Researcher and Senior Lecturer in Sport & Exercise Psychology at Brunel University London, a British Psychological Society (BPS) Chartered Psychologist registered to practise with the HCPC, an Associate Fellow of the BPS, and a Fellow of Advance HE.

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APA style

Bishop, D. (2019, November 18). Sports Psychology – Models and Theories - Reinvestment and Decision-Making [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Bishop, D. "Sports Psychology – Models and Theories – Reinvestment and Decision-Making." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 18 Nov 2019,

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