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Shakespeare: Julius Caesar

3. Who is the hero of the play?

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About this Lecture


Who is the hero of Julius Caesar? Is it Caesar himself? What about Brutus? or Mark Antony? In this module, we think about who we should consider the hero of play, focusing in particular on the title of the play, the importance of Antony and Brutus, the extent to which Caesar looms over the play even after his death, and the fame and status of Caesar more generally.


In this course, Professor John Roe (University of York) explores Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar. We begin by thinking about the sources for the play, focusing in particular on the works of Plutarch, before moving on in the second module to give a summary of the plot. After that, we think about who we could consider to be the hero of the play, before turning in the fourth module to consider the extent to which Julius Caesar is a ‘Machiavellian’ play. In the fifth module, we explore Brutus’ famous soliloquy “It must be by his death”, before moving on in the sixth module to consider the role of the people in the play. In the seventh module, we provide an analysis of Mark Antony’s famous “Friends, Romans, countrymen” speech, before turning in the eighth and final module to the figures of Cassius and Casca, and think about the extent to which Shakespeare himself might have been a Republican.


John Roe is a professor in Renaissance literature and a member of the Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies (CREMS) at the University of York. He took a BA (subsequently MA) in English Literature at the University of Cambridge and an MA and PhD in Comparative Literature at Harvard University. Comparative Literature, mainly English and Italian, has remained a keen interest, which shows principally in his monograph Shakespeare and Machiavelli. He has taught at York since 1973. Before that he taught at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and at Harvard. During his time at York he has enjoyed long sojourns at universities in other countries, for example, at the University of the Saarland in Germany, at Kyoto University, Doshisha University, and Kobe Jogakuin, in Japan; and most recently a year as the visiting Gillespie Professor at the College of Wooster in Ohio.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Roe, J. (2018, November 21). Shakespeare: Julius Caesar - Who is the hero of the play? [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Roe, J. "Shakespeare: Julius Caesar – Who is the hero of the play?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 21 Nov 2018,