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Russia: The Revolution of 1905

5. The Consequences of 1905

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In this module, we think about the consequences of the 1905 Revolution, focusing in particular on the operation of the State Duma system, the figure of Pyotr Stolypin and the success (or otherwise) of his reforms, the increasing tensions between the government and the people, especially following the 1912 Lena Massacre, and the question of whether Russia would have had a revolution in 1914 had it not been for the intervention of the First World War.


In this course, Dr Jonathan Smele (Queen Mary, University of London) explores the (so-called) Revolution of 1905. We begin in the first module by considering whether this was a revolution at all and – if so – whether we should see events as being confined to 1905. After that, we consider the immediate background to the events of 1905, focusing in particular on the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, as well as its immediate consequences. In the second module, we consider the extent to which dissatisfaction among the peasantry contributed to the events of the period, before turning in the third module to the impact of Russia's rapid industrialisation – especially in the last decade of the nineteenth century In the fourth module, we think about the political opposition to the regime – especially that of the liberals and the socialists (and the various 'parties' within each of these groups), before turning in the fifth and final module to the longer-term consequences of the events of 1905. Were the reforms made in the aftermath of the 1905 Revolution doomed to failure, or was there potential for Russia's development into a modern, industrial, democratic state?


Dr Jonathan Smele is Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at Queen Mary University of London. He is a specialist in the history of Russian revolutions and civil wars. His recent publications include (as editor) The Russian Revolution of 1905: Centenary Perspectives (2005) and The Russian Civil Wars, 1916-26: Ten Years that Shook the World (2016).

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Smele, J. (2019, January 16). Russia: The Revolution of 1905 - The Consequences of 1905 [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Smele, J. "Russia: The Revolution of 1905 – The Consequences of 1905." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 16 Jan 2019,

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