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Religious Pluralism

4. Evaluation and Post-Liberalism

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In this module, we evaluate the categories of pluralism, inclusivism and exclusivism, and look at a fourth approach known as post-liberalism. In particular, we examine (i) problems with the threefold category (ii) the post-liberalist view (iii) the role of inter-faith dialogue in post-liberalism.


In this course Professor Gavin D’Costa (University of Bristol) explores religious pluralism in Christian thought. In the first module, we examine John Hick’s arguments for religious pluralism. After that, in the second module, we look at the inclusivism of Karl Rahner in contrast to Hick’s pluralism. In the third module, we explore another approach known as exclusivism in the theology of Karl Barth. Finally, in the fourth module we evaluate the effectiveness of the threefold category system, and introduce a fourth position known as post-liberalism.


Professor Gavin D'Costa is a lecturer in Catholic Theology at the University of Bristol. His research interests are in modern Roman Catholic theology, systematic theology, theology of religions, and religious pluralism. His recent publications include Theology and Philosophy. Faith and Reason (2011) and Vatican II. Celebrating its Achievements and the Future (2013).

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APA style

D'Costa, G. (2022, April 08). Religious Pluralism - Evaluation and Post-Liberalism [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

D'Costa, G. "Religious Pluralism – Evaluation and Post-Liberalism." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 08 Apr 2022,

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