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About this Lecture
In this module we think about objectivism, often known as positivism, as the dominant approach to objectivity in the twentieth century. In particular, we focus on: (i) the adoption by objectivists of Weber’s understanding of objectivity as a focus on factual over evaluative matters and the removal of bias from research; (ii) differences between Weber’s and the objectivists’ view on bias and how it can be removed; (iii) the objectivist approach of adopting standardised, replicable methods which eliminate personal biases from the research process.
In this course, Professor Martyn Hammersley (The Open University) explores the concept of objectivity within sociology and social research. In the first module, we think about the development of the concept from the early twentieth century and some key questions associated with it. In the second, we examine Max Weber’s notion of value freedom, before looking in the third at the objectivist version of objectivity as the adoption of standardised, replicable research methods. In the fourth and fifth modules, we consider Alvin Gouldner’s critique of value freedom and his idea of objective partisanship, and standpoint epistemology through Sandra Harding’s work on strong objectivity. In the final two modules, we explore arguments that reject objectivity in its entirety, before concluding with a summary of key debates.
Professor Martyn Hammersley is Emeritus Professor of Educational and Social Research at the Open University. His work focuses on issues in sociological research methods, particularly relating to objectivity and bias. His recent publications include The Concept of Culture: A History and Reappraisal (2019), The Radicalism of Ethnomethodology: An Assessment of Sources and Principles (2018) and The Limits of Social Science: Causal Explanation and Value Relevance (2014).
Cite this Lecture
Hammersley, M. (2021, August 24). Objectivity in Social Research - Objectivism [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/objectivity-in-social-research/objectivism
Hammersley, Martyn. "Objectivity in Social Research – Objectivism." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 24 Aug 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/objectivity-in-social-research/objectivism