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Memory – Cognitive Theories

2. The Working Memory Model

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About this Lecture


In this lecture, we focus on the working memory model, developed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974, focusing in particular on: (i) the function of the central executive, the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer; (ii) the brain regions associated with the functions of the central executive; (iii) its three subcomponents being inhibition, shifting and updating.


In this course, Dr Davide Bruno (Liverpool John Moores University) explores the cognitive psychology of memory and forgetting. In the first lecture, we think about the multi-store memory model, developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968. In the second lecture, we think about the working memory model, developed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. In the third lecture, we look at different types of long-term memory, including episodic, semantic and procedural memory. Next, we think about the cognitive processes involved in forgetting, focusing in particular on retrieval failure and interference. In the fifth and final lecture, we conclude the course with an overview of amnesia, a clinical condition associated with significant memory loss.


Davide Bruno was born in Italy and graduated in Psychology from the University of Parma, then obtained a PhD from Keele University (2007). After positions at the University of Southampton, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, the Nathan Kline Institute, New York University, and Liverpool Hope University, he joined Liverpool John Moores University as a Senior Lecturer. His interests are, broadly, memory, ageing and dementia.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Bruno, D. (2019, September 27). Memory – Cognitive Theories - The Working Memory Model [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Bruno, D. "Memory – Cognitive Theories – The Working Memory Model." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 27 Sep 2019,