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Memory – Cognitive Theories

2. The Working Memory Model

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In this module, we focus on the working memory model, developed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974, and discuss the function of its different components: the central executive, the phonological loop, the visuo-spatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer. We then take a closer look at the central executive. We explore the brain regions associated with its functions and discuss its three subcomponents: inhibition, shifting and updating.


In this course, Dr Davide Bruno (Liverpool John Moores University) explores the cognitive psychology of memory and forgetting. Modules one and two begin by introducing the two main ways in which memory has been conceptualised by cognitive psychologists: the multi-store memory model, developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968, and the working memory model, developed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. We then move on in module three to looking at different types of long-term memory, including episodic, semantic and procedural memory. In module four, we think about the cognitive processes involved in forgetting, focusing in particular on retrieval failure and interference. The fifth module concludes the course with an overview of amnesia, a clinical condition associated with significant memory loss.


Davide Bruno was born in Italy and graduated in Psychology from the University of Parma, then obtained a PhD from Keele University (2007). After positions at the University of Southampton, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, the Nathan Kline Institute, New York University, and Liverpool Hope University, he joined Liverpool John Moores University as a Senior Lecturer. His interests are, broadly, memory, ageing and dementia.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Bruno, D. (2019, September 27). Memory – Cognitive Theories - The Working Memory Model [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Bruno, Davide. "Memory – Cognitive Theories – The Working Memory Model." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 27 Sep 2019,

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