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Memory – Cognitive Theories

1. The Multi-Store Memory Model

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In this module, we think about the multi-store model of memory as developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968. We trace the model’s origins back to Broadbent’s research in the field of attention and then take a closer look at the three components of the multi-store memory model, including the sensory store, short-term memory and long-term memory. We explore the capacity and function of each store, focussing in particular on Miller’s research on the capacity of short-term memory.


In this course, Dr Davide Bruno (Liverpool John Moores University) explores the cognitive psychology of memory and forgetting. Modules one and two begin by introducing the two main ways in which memory has been conceptualised by cognitive psychologists: the multi-store memory model, developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968, and the working memory model, developed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. We then move on in module three to looking at different types of long-term memory, including episodic, semantic and procedural memory. In module four, we think about the cognitive processes involved in forgetting, focusing in particular on retrieval failure and interference. The fifth module concludes the course with an overview of amnesia, a clinical condition associated with significant memory loss.


Davide Bruno was born in Italy and graduated in Psychology from the University of Parma, then obtained a PhD from Keele University (2007). After positions at the University of Southampton, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, the Nathan Kline Institute, New York University, and Liverpool Hope University, he joined Liverpool John Moores University as a Senior Lecturer. His interests are, broadly, memory, ageing and dementia.

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APA style

Bruno, D. (2019, September 27). Memory – Cognitive Theories - The Multi-Store Memory Model [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Bruno, Davide. "Memory – Cognitive Theories – The Multi-Store Memory Model." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 27 Sep 2019,

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