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5. The Creation of the NHS
About this Lecture
In this module, we look at the creation of the NHS in the 1940s. We start by looking at the key features of the NHS - that it is (i) comprehensive; (ii) universal; and (ii) free at the point of use. We then turn to examine the influence of Nye Bevan on the creation of the service. Bevan's plan to nationalise healthcare in Britain had to deal with three main stakeholders: (i) hospitals; (ii) hospital consultants; and (iii) GPs. However, Bevan wasn't the only factor that was important in the creation of the NHS, other factors included: (i) World War Two; (ii) the Labour Party; and (iii) longer term trends.
In this course, Professor Martin Gorsky (LSHTM) explores the history of public health in the 20th century. We start by looking at what public health was like during the 19th century and before the creation of the NHS. We have a look at general trends across the century and also look at how both primary and secondary care functioned before the changes of the 20th century. We then turn to examine how the NHS came into being, taking a look at the impact of Wold War Two on its creation. Finally we look at how public health has developed since the creation of the NHS.
Professor Martin Gorsky is professor of the history of public health at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). His research focuses on the history of health systems in the West since the late 19th century. He has written widely on the subject of public health including his books Patterns of Philanthropy and Financing Medicine.
Cite this Lecture
Gorsky, M. (2021, September 29). Medicine Through Time – Public Health in the 20th Century, 1900-2015 - The Creation of the NHS [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-public-health-in-the-20th-century/the-creation-of-the-nhs
Gorsky, M. "Medicine Through Time – Public Health in the 20th Century, 1900-2015 – The Creation of the NHS." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Sep 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-public-health-in-the-20th-century/the-creation-of-the-nhs