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3. Hospitals Before the NHS
About this Lecture
In this module, we explore how hospitals functioned in the 19th century. There were two types of hospitals in Britain during the 19th century: (i) voluntary hospitals; and (ii) workhouse hospitals. Voluntary hospitals were run as charitable foundations for those in need. During the 19th century, these hospitals became more medicalised with surgery and other treatments being made available. Workhouse hospitals began as infirmaries connected to workhouses and were of a lower quality in terms of care and treatment. Throughout the 19th century, the establishment of so called "Saturday Funds" created a quasi-system of insurance for hospital care.
In this course, Professor Martin Gorsky (LSHTM) explores the history of public health in the 20th century. We start by looking at what public health was like during the 19th century and before the creation of the NHS. We have a look at general trends across the century and also look at how both primary and secondary care functioned before the changes of the 20th century. We then turn to examine how the NHS came into being, taking a look at the impact of Wold War Two on its creation. Finally we look at how public health has developed since the creation of the NHS.
Professor Martin Gorsky is professor of the history of public health at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). His research focuses on the history of health systems in the West since the late 19th century. He has written widely on the subject of public health including his books Patterns of Philanthropy and Financing Medicine.
Cite this Lecture
Gorsky, M. (2021, September 29). Medicine Through Time – Public Health in the 20th Century, 1900-2015 - Hospitals Before the NHS [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-public-health-in-the-20th-century/hospitals-before-the-nhs
Gorsky, M. "Medicine Through Time – Public Health in the 20th Century, 1900-2015 – Hospitals Before the NHS." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Sep 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-public-health-in-the-20th-century/hospitals-before-the-nhs