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3. Edward Jenner: Early Influences
About this Lecture
In this module, we look at the early influences that Edward Jenner had upon smallpox, focusing in particular on: (i) Jenner’s early life and upbringing; (ii) Jenner’s experience contracting smallpox, and his treatment using variolation; (iii) the origin, method, and results of variolation; (iv) Jenner’s early career, including his apprenticeship in medicine and later training under the British surgeon John Hunter; and (v) the early inspiration for Jenner’s smallpox vaccine, namely the observation that milkmaids didn’t contract smallpox.
In this course, Dr Robert Gaynes (Emory University) looks at smallpox and Edward Jenner’s development of the smallpox vaccine. In the first module, we focus on the disease smallpox, its origin and its symptomatic progression. In the second module, we look at the history of smallpox, focusing in particular on its impact on South America and the leading figures of Europe. In the third module, we then turn to consider the early influences of Edward Jenner, taking a closer look at the first methods of treating smallpox and how Jenner’s vaccine emerged as a more successful alternative. In the fourth module, we look how Jenner came to discover that cowpox provided immunity against smallpox, before in the fifth module considering the reception of the smallpox vaccine in England and abroad. In the sixth and final module, we look at the impact that the smallpox vaccine has had, especially with regard to the eradication of smallpox.
Dr Robert Gaynes is Professor Emeritus of Medicine at Emory University. He is an infectious disease specialist, and in 2011 published Germ Theory: Medical Pioneers in Infectious Diseases which was selected as one of Choice magazine’s Outstanding Academic Titles for 2012.
Cite this Lecture
Gaynes, R. (2022, September 26). Medicine Through Time - Jenner and the Smallpox Vaccine, 1749-1823 - Edward Jenner: Early Influences [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-jenner-and-the-smallpox-vaccine-1749-1823/edward-jenner-early-influences
Gaynes, R. "Medicine Through Time - Jenner and the Smallpox Vaccine, 1749-1823 – Edward Jenner: Early Influences." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 26 Sep 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-jenner-and-the-smallpox-vaccine-1749-1823/edward-jenner-early-influences