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4. Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination
About this Lecture
In this module, we look at the discovery that drove Edward Jenner to develop the smallpox vaccine, focusing in particular on: (i) the first smallpox vaccination, given to the eight-year-old James Phipps; (ii) the historical debate surrounding the medical efficacy of Jenner’s choice of patient to receive the first smallpox vaccine; (iii) the method that Jenner used for his first smallpox vaccination; and (iv) the results that Jenner recorded from his first series of smallpox vaccinations.
In this course, Dr Robert Gaynes (Emory University) looks at smallpox and Edward Jenner’s development of the smallpox vaccine. In the first module, we focus on the disease smallpox, its origin and its symptomatic progression. In the second module, we look at the history of smallpox, focusing in particular on its impact on South America and the leading figures of Europe. In the third module, we then turn to consider the early influences of Edward Jenner, taking a closer look at the first methods of treating smallpox and how Jenner’s vaccine emerged as a more successful alternative. In the fourth module, we look how Jenner came to discover that cowpox provided immunity against smallpox, before in the fifth module considering the reception of the smallpox vaccine in England and abroad. In the sixth and final module, we look at the impact that the smallpox vaccine has had, especially with regard to the eradication of smallpox.
Dr Robert Gaynes is Professor Emeritus of Medicine at Emory University. He is an infectious disease specialist, and in 2011 published Germ Theory: Medical Pioneers in Infectious Diseases which was selected as one of Choice magazine’s Outstanding Academic Titles for 2012.
Cite this Lecture
Gaynes, R. (2022, September 26). Medicine Through Time - Jenner and the Smallpox Vaccine, 1749-1823 - Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-jenner-and-the-smallpox-vaccine-1749-1823/edward-jenner-and-the-discovery-of-vaccination
Gaynes, R. "Medicine Through Time - Jenner and the Smallpox Vaccine, 1749-1823 – Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 26 Sep 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-jenner-and-the-smallpox-vaccine-1749-1823/edward-jenner-and-the-discovery-of-vaccination