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3. Making Penicillin
About this Lecture
In this module, we take a closer look at how penicillin was mass produced. While the discovery was the work of British scientists, the work of mass production was an American effort. The Americans were able to find more effective moulds and used the process of deep fermentation to mass produce penicillin for use by wartime doctors. These mass production techniques were then spread throughout the world.
In this course, Dr Robert Bud (Science Museum, London) examines the history of antibiotics. We take a look at what medicine and medicines were like before the discovery of antibiotics. We then look at the discovery of penicillin and how it was mass produced in the 1940s. We then look at the growth in the number of other antibiotics and how this went hand in hand with the development of the pharmaceutical industry. In the penultimate module, we take a closer look at antibiotic resistance and how this affects the world today. In the concluding module, we examine the impact of antibiotics on medicine, the pharmaceutical industry and public attitudes towards germs and illness.
Dr. Robert Bud is Emeritus Keeper at The Science Museum in London. He has written widely on the history of science, with a particular in interest in the history of antibiotics. His book, Penicillin: Triumph and Tragedy, was published by Oxford University Press in 2007.
Cite this Lecture
Bud, R. (2021, September 22). Medicine Through Time – Antibiotics, 1920-2000 - Making Penicillin [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-antibiotics/making-penicillin
Bud, R. "Medicine Through Time – Antibiotics, 1920-2000 – Making Penicillin." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 22 Sep 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/medicine-through-time-antibiotics/making-penicillin