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Marxist and Critical Approaches to Education

5. Recent Directions

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About this Lecture


In this lecture, we think about some recent directions in critical education research, focusing in particular on: (i) more positive critical approaches, such as critical pedagogy and the ideas of Paulo Freire, who argues that while school can reproduce social inequality it can also help marginalised groups; (ii) John W. Meyer’s work on the impacts of globalisation on education across the world.


In this course, Dr Eric Lybeck (University of Manchester) explores Marxist and critical approaches to education. In the first lecture, we consider some classical theories of education and its role in society, such as those of Karl Marx, Max Weber and Talcott Parsons. In the second lecture, we look at Marxist analyses of education from the 1960s, including the work of Louis Althusser and Bowles and Gintis. In the third lecture, we think about the ideas of Pierre Bourdieu. Next, we look at how they have been taken on in both qualitative and quantitative critical education research. In the fifth and final lecture, we look at some recent developments in the field, such as critical pedagogy and analyses linked to globalisation.


Dr Eric Lybeck is Presidential Fellow at the Manchester Institute of Education, University of Manchester. His recent research focuses on the sociology of education, especially the university sector. He is author of The University Revolution: Outline of a Processual Theory of Modern Higher Education (2021) and Norbert Elias and the Sociology of Education (2019), and co-editor of Reconstructing Social Theory, History and Practice (2017).

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Lybeck, E. (2021, August 23). Marxist and Critical Approaches to Education - Recent Directions [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Lybeck, E. "Marxist and Critical Approaches to Education – Recent Directions." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 23 Aug 2021,

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