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3. Heresy and Politics
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about how the political situation in the early 15th century facilitated – or perhaps prompted – the greater prosecution of heresy in England. In particular, we focus on the first burnings of heretics in the early 15th century, the crushing of the Oldcastle Revolt of 1414, and the extent to which the Lancastrians might have exaggerated the threat of Lollardy as a means of emphasising their own authority.
In this course, Professor John Arnold (University of Cambridge) explores the theology of John Wycliffe and the heretical movement which he inspired known as Lollardy. In the first module, we think about the life and times of John Wycliffe himself, focusing in particular on his relationship with John of Gaunt and some of his theological views. After that, we think about how Wycliffe's ideas spread out beyond Oxford where they were formed and came to be seen as a much greater threat – both by the church and by the state. In the third module, we think about how political situation in the early 15th century facilitated the greater prosecution of heresy in England, before moving on in the fourth module, to look in more detail at some of the individuals actually prosecuted for heresy. In the fifth module, we think about how Lollardy actually spread, before turning in the sixth and final module to Lollardy in the later 15th and early 16th centuries, and the rise of Martin Luther and the Reformation proper.
– English translations of all the Norfolk Heresy Trials (1428-31) can be found on the Virtual Norfolk website.
John Arnold studied at the University of York, gaining a BA in History, and a D.Phil. in Medieval Studies. He worked at the University of East Anglia, then moved to Birkbeck, University of London, in 2001, until his election to the professorship of medieval history at Cambridge in 2016. He has been lead editor of the journal Cultural and Social History, is on the editorial board of the journal Past & Present, and co-edits several publication series: Genders and Sexualities in History (Palgrave Macmillan), Heresy and Inquisition in the Middle Ages (York Medieval Press), and Oxford Studies in Medieval European History (OUP).
Cite this Lecture
Arnold, J. (2018, August 15). John Wycliffe and the Lollards, 1350-1500 - Heresy and Politics [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/john-wycliffe-and-the-lollards-1350-1500/heresy-and-politics
Arnold, J. "John Wycliffe and the Lollards, 1350-1500 – Heresy and Politics." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://www.massolit.io/courses/john-wycliffe-and-the-lollards-1350-1500/heresy-and-politics