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5. The Kleophrades Painter, the Berlin Painter and the Pan Painter
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about two more practitioners of the red-figure style – the Kleophrades Painter, the Berlin Painter and the Pan Painter – focusing in particular on: (i) the densely-packed arrangements of the Kleophrades Painter, particularly his vase depicting the sack of Troy (Naples 2422); (ii) the more sparsely-populated compositions of the Berlin Painter, who often depicts just one figure against a background of pure black; and (iii) two pots by the Pan Painter – one featuring Perseus and Medusa, and the other featuring two very different kinds of pursuits – one amorous, one deadly.
– Amphora, attributed to the Andokides Painter, c. 525 BC. Antikensammlung, Berlin, Schloss Charlottenburg F2159
– Krater of Antaeus, c. 515-10 BC. Louvre G 103
– The Euphronios Krater, c. 515 BC. Cervetri, Museo Nazionale Cerite 187 (previously Metropolitan Museum of Art 1972.11.10, L.2006.10 LOAN, Mus. Naz. Etrusco di Villa Giulia, Rome L.2006.10)
– Hydria attributed to the Kleophrades Painter, early 5th century BC. Museo Nazionale Archeologico, Naples 2422
– Pointed amphora attributed to the Kleophrades Painter, c. 500-490 BC. Antikensammlungen, Munich 2344
– Bell-krater attributed to the Berlin Painter, c. 500-490 BC. Louvre G 175
– Hydria attributed to the Pan Painter, c. 460 BC. British Museum 1873,0820.352
– The Pan Painter’s Name Vase, c. 470 BC. Boston Museum of Fine Arts 10.185
– Kylix attributed to the Penthesilea Painter, c. 470-60 BC. British Museum 1836,0224.82
In this course, Professor Robin Osborne (University of Cambridge) explores vase-painting in the Greek world from the eighth century to the middle of the fifth century BC, tracing a narrative that includes each of the vases on the OCR A Level Classical Civilization specification (H408), as well as several that are not on the specification. In the first module, we concentrate on the Dinos of the Gorgon Painter, and think about the ways it might be seen as a ‘transitional’ piece. In the second module, we look at the Sophilos Dinos and the François Vase, before turning in the third module to the works of Exekias and the Amasis Painter. In the fourth module, we think about the transition to the red-figure technique and the group of painters known as the Pioneers, before turning in the fifth module to trace the development of the red-figure style into the mid-5th century BC, from the densely-packed arrangements of the Kleophrades Painter to the minimalism of the Berlin Painter and beyond. Finally, in the sixth module, we think about the development of Greek art more generally in this period and ask whether Greek vase-painting undergoes a comparable ‘revolution’ to that seen in freestanding sculpture.
Note on referencing: pots are cited using their conventional name if applicable (e.g. ‘The Eleusis Amphora’) or (if not) their shape and the name of the painter of not (e.g. ‘Kylix attributed to the Berlin Painter’). We have also included details of estimated production date and the museum/collection in which the pot can currently be found (e.g. Dinos of the Gorgon Painter, c. 580 BC. Louvre E 874). Further details which might be of interest (e.g. height and diameter, painting style, etc.) can be found on museum websites.
Robin Osborne is Professor of Ancient History at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge and of the British Academy. He works on Greek History (political, social, economic, cultural) and Greek Archaeology (field archaeology and art history) between 1000 B.C. and 200 B.C, and has published extensively across a range of topics.
Cite this Lecture
Osborne, R. (2021, February 02). Greek Art – Vase-Painting - The Kleophrades Painter, the Berlin Painter and the Pan Painter [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/greek-art-vase-painting/the-kleophrades-painter-the-berlin-painter-and-the-pan-painter
Osborne, R. "Greek Art – Vase-Painting – The Kleophrades Painter, the Berlin Painter and the Pan Painter." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 02 Feb 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/greek-art-vase-painting/the-kleophrades-painter-the-berlin-painter-and-the-pan-painter