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3. Internationalism and Global Revolution
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the international context for the German student movement, focusing in particular on: (i) the importance of the Cuban Revolution (1953-59) and the Algerian War of Independence (1954-62) as emblematic national liberation movements; (ii) the decline of the Soviet Union as an inspiration for the student left, particularly following the suppression of the (student-led) Hungarian Revolt in 1956; (iii) the importance of Maoist China and the (student-led) Cultural Revolution; (iv) the sense in which international conflicts were easier to suppose because it was easier to distinguish good and bad, cf. the views of activist Dieter Kunzelmann; and (v) the support of the German student movement for the North Vietnamese in the Vietnam War.
In this course, Dr Hanno Balz (University of Cambridge) explores the West German student movement between 1966-69. In the first module, we think about the growth of protest movements in Germany in the 1960s, especially following the formation in 1966 of the 'grand coalition' between the SPD and CDU. In the second module, we think about the impact of Germany's Nazi past on the German stuent movement, before turning in the third module to consider the international context – the Cuban Revolution (1953-59), the Algerian War of Independence (1954-62), the Vietnam War (1955-75), and so on. In the fourth module, we trace the escalation and radicalisation of the student movement through two shootings – that of Benno Ohnesorg in June 1967 and that of Rudi Dutschke in April 1968 – before turning in the fifth and final module to consider the growth of the women's liberation movement out of the German student movement, and the fragmentation of the movement from the late 1960s onwards
Dr Hanno Balz is DAAD Lecturer in Modern German and European History at the University of Cambridge. He has published extensively on the history of the "Red Army Faction" West-German militant group and the legal, intellectual, and political reverberations in West German society that came along with challenging the state. He works more broadly on European social movements from the 1960s to the 1980s as well as on the history of Nazi rule and the Shoah.
Cite this Lecture
Balz, H. (2021, March 03). Germany – West German Student Movement, 1966-69 - Internationalism and Global Revolution [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/germany-west-german-student-movement-1966-69/internationalism-and-global-revolution
Balz, H. "Germany – West German Student Movement, 1966-69 – Internationalism and Global Revolution." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 Mar 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/germany-west-german-student-movement-1966-69/internationalism-and-global-revolution