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2. Sex and Gender
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we think about the history of sex and gender as distinct concepts, focusing in particular on: (i) where psychologists get their words from – either repurposing an existing word (e.g. memory) or creating a new one (e.g. schizophrenia); (ii) the use of ‘gender’ prior to its use in psychology from the 1950s onwards; (iii) the importance of the work of John Money in distinguishing between sex as a biological category and gender a social, cultural, behavioural one; and (iv) criticisms of Money’s work on gender identity.
In this course, Professor Peter Hegarty (University of Surrey) explores the psychology of gender. In the first lecture, we think about different ways of measuring one’s psychological gender, focusing in particular on the most widely used system, the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BRSI). In the second lecture, we think about the history of sex and gender as distinct concepts. In the third, fourth and fifth lectures, we consider how three psychological theories have intersected with the psychology of gender – cognitive psychology, psychoanalytic theory, and social learning theory. In the sixth and final module, we think about the extent to which the psychology of gender has accommodated the experience of those who identify as transgender or nonbinary, and how the psychology of gender might evolve in the future.
Peter Hegarty is Professor of Psychology at the University of Surrey. His research focuses on the intersection of social psychology, history, and gender and sexuality studies. Professor Hegarty's two sole-authored books on the history of psychology are about early twentieth-century entanglements between sexology, intelligence testing, and masculinity, and psychology’s more recent relationships with lesbian and gay movements. Some of Professor Hegarty's recent publications include 'Public understanding of intersex: an update on recent findings' (2022) and 'Between cultural relativism and liberal ethnocentrism: What does Audi Arabia tell us about cultural variation in moral identity and prejudice?' (2021).
Cite this Lecture
Hegarty, P. (2021, January 07). Gender – Psychological Theories - Sex and Gender [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/gender/sex-and-gender
Hegarty, P. "Gender – Psychological Theories – Sex and Gender." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 07 Jan 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/gender/sex-and-gender