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Direct Realism

6. Time Lag Cases

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In this module, we think about the challenge to direct realism posed by time lag cases, focusing in particular on: (i) the fact that the time lag argument centres of veridical experience as opposed to illusory experiences as in the case of the argument from illusion and the argument from hallucination; (ii) the problems posed by the observation of distant stars; (iii) the direct realist's response to the problems posed by time lag cases; and (iv) the indirect realist's response to that response.


In this course, Dr Laura Gow explores the theory of perception known as direct realism. In the first module, we think about why perception is so important to us, before contrasting direct realism with another popular theory of perception: indirect realism. After that, in the second module, we think about the key advantages of direct realism as a theory of perception, before turning in the third, fourth, fifth and sixth modules to four of the key challenges to direct realism: the argument from illusion, the argument from perceptual variation, the argument from hallucination, and time lag cases. In a short seventh module, we offer a summary of the topics covered in the course.


Dr Laura Gow is Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Liverpool. Her research interests are mainly in the philosophy of mind, with a particular focus on perception and perceptual experience. Her published work criticises contemporary attempts to provide physicalist accounts of perception, and her recent research explores the less appealing implications of endorsing a genuinely physicalist account of mind.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Gow, L. (2021, March 09). Direct Realism - Time Lag Cases [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Gow, L. "Direct Realism – Time Lag Cases." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 09 Mar 2021,