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14. Stave 4 – Scrooge’s Grave
About this Lecture
In this module, we read the second half of Stave Four, in which it is revealed that the man who has died is actually himself. In particular, we think about: (i) the man and the woman who are glad that Scrooge is dead because they owed him money; (ii) the Cratchits’ house, which is much quieter than it was when we last saw it; (iii) the death of Tiny Tim; and (iv) Scrooge’s reaction to seeing his own grave.
In this course, Professor John McRae (University of Nottingham) explores Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. In the first module, we introduce the novel by looking at the first two paragraphs of the story, including its famous opening line (“Marley was dead; to begin with”) and the reader’s first impression of the character of Scrooge (“Scrooge's name was good on ‘Change”). In the second and third modules, we go through some of the literary, cultural and historical context for the novel, including Dickens’ life and career up to 1843, the impact of the Industrial Revolution on British society and culture, the ‘invention’ of the ‘traditional, family Christmas’ in this period, and Dickens’ preoccupation with capitalism, poverty and children. In the following twelve modules, we read through the novel stave by stave: the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh modules cover Stave One; the eighth and ninth cover Stave Two; the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth cover Stave Three; the thirteen and fourteenth cover Stave Four; and the fifteenth covers Stave Five.
John McRae is Special Professor of Language in Literature Studies and Teaching Associate in the School of English at Nottingham University, and holds Visiting Professorships in China, Malaysia, Spain and the USA. He is co-author of The Routledge History of Literature in English with Ron Carter, and also wrote The Language of Poetry, Literature with a Small 'l' and the first critical edition of Teleny by Oscar Wilde and others.
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Cite this Lecture
McRae, J. (2020, March 24). Dickens: A Christmas Carol - Stave 4 – Scrooge’s Grave [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/dickens-a-christmas-carol-mcrae/stave-4-scrooge-s-grave
McRae, John. "Dickens: A Christmas Carol – Stave 4 – Scrooge’s Grave." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 24 Mar 2020, https://www.massolit.io/courses/dickens-a-christmas-carol-mcrae/stave-4-scrooge-s-grave