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4. Early Cold War Tensions, 1948-49
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we explore the early flashpoints of the Cold War from 1947 to 1948. In particular, we will focus on: (i) the effect of the Soviet coup in Czechoslovakia; (ii) the events and effect of the Berlin Blockade of 1948; (iii) the goals and motives for Stalin during the Berlin Blockade; (iv) the Berlin airlift and how this showed the US as the dominant world power; (v) the foundation of NATO and the increase in Marshall Plan aid to Europe; (vi) the effect of the Red Scare, which began in 1946-47, on the US stance on communism; and (vii) the effect of the Soviet test of a nuclear bomb and the victory of the Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War.
In this course, Professor Andrew Preston (University of Cambridge) discusses the origins of the Cold War from 1945 until 1950. We start by looking at the Cold War as a whole and also explore how the Cold War has been viewed by historians over the years. After this, we have a look at the tension between the superpowers after the Second World War from 1945 to 1946. Then, we explore how the US effectively declared Cold War on the Soviet Union from 1946 to 1947 by putting itself on a permanent wartime footing. In the next lecture, we explore the early flashpoints of the Cold War from 1947 to 1948, including the Berlin Blockade. In the penultimate lecture, we have a look how in 1950 the Cold War became increasingly militarised and globalised. In the final lecture, we look at the question which has captured the attention of so many historians - who was to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War.
Professor Andrew Preston is Professor of American History at the University of Cambridge. He specialises in the history of American foreign relations, primarily since 1898. He has published widely on this subject, including his books The War Council: McGeorge Bundy, the NSC, and Vietnam, Sword of the Spirit; Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy; and American Foreign Relations: A Very Short Introduction.
Cite this Lecture
Preston, A. (2022, May 24). Cold War - Origins, 1945-50 - Early Cold War Tensions, 1948-49 [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/cold-war-origins-1945-50/early-cold-war-tensions-1948-49
Preston, A. "Cold War - Origins, 1945-50 – Early Cold War Tensions, 1948-49." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 24 May 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/cold-war-origins-1945-50/early-cold-war-tensions-1948-49