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5. What was the Cultural Revolution?
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the Cultural Revolution (1966-76), focusing in particular on: (i) the origins of the Cultural Revolution; (ii) the early years of the Cultural Revolution, and the importance of the so-called Red Guards; (iii) Mao’s attempts to restore order from 1968 onwards; (iv) the changing nature of the Cultural Revolution; (v) the political influence of the ‘Gang of Four’, especially Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing; (vi) Mao’s continued support for the Cultural Revolution until his death in 1976; and (vii) the Cultural Revolution in the Chinese public memory today.
In this course, Professor Kerry Brown (King’s College, London) provides a broad introduction to Chinese history from the 2nd millennium BC to the present day, with a focus on how China became the economic and political powerhouse it has done in the 21st century. In the first module, we think about how we might define ‘China’. Is it the geographical area? The people that live here? The culture? In the following four modules, we turn to four topics related to China in the 20th and 21st century. In the first, we think about why China has a Communist Party (with a focus on China’s relationship with Japan and the West between 1919-49). After that, we think about the figure of Mao Zedong. In the third, we ask how the Chinese economy has grown so dramatically between 1976 and the present day, before turning in the fourth to think about the nature of Mao’s Cultural Revolution. In the sixth module, we return once again to the evolution of the Chinese nation over the past 2,500 years in order to answer the question ‘How long is Chinese history?’
Kerry Brown is a Professor of Chinese Studies and Director of the Lau China Institute at King's College, London. He is currently working on a study of the Communist Party of China as a cultural movement.
From 2012 to 2015, he was Professor of Chinese Politics and Director of the China Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, Australia. Prior to this, he worked at Chatham House (2006 to 2012) as Senior Fellow and then Head of the Asia Programme. Meanwhile, from 2011 to 2014, he directed the Europe China Research and Advice Network (ECRAN), giving policy advice to the European External Action Service.
From 1998 to 2005, he worked at the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, as First Secretary at the British Embassy in Beijing, and then as Head of the Indonesia, Philippine and East Timor Section. From 1994 to 1996, he lived in the Inner Mongolia region of China.
He has a MA from Cambridge University, a Postgraduate Diploma in Mandarin Chinese (Distinction) from Thames Valley University, London, and a PhD in Chinese politics and language from Leeds University.
He is the author of over ten books on modern Chinese politics, history and language, including: The New Emperors: Power and the Princelings in China (2014); What's Wrong with Diplomacy: The Case of the UK and China (2015); Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (in Four Volumes, 2014-2015); China's CEO: Xi Jinping (2016); China's World: What Does China Want (2017).
Cite this Lecture
Brown, K. (2020, November 06). China – The Making of Modern China - What was the Cultural Revolution? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/china-the-making-of-modern-china/what-was-the-cultural-revolution
Brown, Kerry. "China – The Making of Modern China – What was the Cultural Revolution?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 06 Nov 2020, https://www.massolit.io/courses/china-the-making-of-modern-china/what-was-the-cultural-revolution