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17. What theoretical approach best explains Brexit?
About this Lecture
In this module, we think of some of the theoretical approaches that might be useful in thinking about Brexit, focusing in particular on: (i) two approaches from international relations – realism and constructivism; (iii) the bureaucratic politics model; (iv) three approaches from political economics – mercantilism, liberalism, and Marxism; (v) cognitivism; (vi) the structure and agency debate; and (vii) theories of EU integration – what kinds of factors have contributed to the increasing integration of the EU since its foundation in the 1950s?
In this course, Dr Tim Oliver (Loughborough University) explores Brexit in three broad areas – causes, consequences and meanings. In the first two modules, we provide a general introduction to the course as a whole as well as an outline of the proposed structure.
Between the third and eighth modules, we think about the causes of Brexit. This section of the course includes a brief introduction (in the third module) followed by five modules on five key questions: (i) why did David Cameron call an in-out referendum on Europe?; (ii) why did people want the UK leave the EU?; (iii) why did people want the UK to remain a member of the EU?; (iv) was the UK destined to leave the EU?; and (v) what effect has Britain had on the EU (and vice versa)?
Between the ninth and fourteenth modules, we think about the consequences of Brexit. Again, there is a brief introduction (in the ninth module) followed by five key questions: (i) what impact has Brexit had on UK-EU relations?; (ii) what impact has Brexit had on British politics?; (iii) has Brexit solved Britain’s European question?; (iv) what does Brexit mean for the EU and the rest of the world?; and (v) who are Brexit’s ‘winners’ and ‘losers’?
Between the fifteenth and twentieth modules, we think about the meanings of Brexit. The questions this time are: (i) what does Brexit mean?; (ii) what theoretical approaches best explain Brexit?; (iii) how can we measure the success and failure of Brexit?; (iv) is Brexit a ‘critical juncture’ in British political history?; and (v) Is Brexit unique to the UK?
Finally, in the twenty-first and concluding module, we offer seven key rules when discussing Brexit.
Dr Tim Oliver is Senior Lecturer for the Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance at Loughborough University London. His research and teaching currently focus on Brexit, British politics, London, European politics, international relations and international security. He has combined work in academia (LSE, UCL, NYU and the EUI) with work in political institutions (the House of Lords and the European Parliament), think tanks (in Berlin, Washington D.C. and London) and with the British military.
Cite this Lecture
Oliver, T. (2020, March 10). Brexit – Causes, Consequences and Meanings - What theoretical approach best explains Brexit? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/brexit-causes-consequences-and-meanings/what-theoretical-approach-best-explains-brexit
Oliver, T. "Brexit – Causes, Consequences and Meanings – What theoretical approach best explains Brexit?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 10 Mar 2020, https://www.massolit.io/courses/brexit-causes-consequences-and-meanings/what-theoretical-approach-best-explains-brexit