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2. Brain Specialisation
About this Lecture
In this second module, we think about brain specialisation, focusing in particular on: (i) the early work of Paul Broca in isolating a language production area of the brain in the left frontal lobe; (ii) the role that patient Tan’s lesion and resultant expression of language played in enabling Paul Broca to make the assessments that led to these findings; (iii) Wernicke’s area and its somewhat opposing role to Broca’s area; (iv) the importance of sampling from a large number of individuals in order to conclude on the role of a particular brain region.
This course, by Dr Ashok Jansari (Goldsmiths, University of London), investigates the layout and function of the brain from a biopsychological perspective. In the first module, we think about how the nervous system transcodes sensory input into electrical signals that can be processed in the brain. In the second module, we think about how different areas of the brain are specialised to perform certain functions, and some of the early research which led to these discoveries. In the third module, we think about the different techniques used to generate images of brain structure and activity. Next, we think about how internal and external cues can influence our biological rhythms. In the fifth and final module, we think about the role of longitudinal research and brain imaging in understanding how behaviour consistency and change can be represented by physical brain structure differences, contextualised in a study on delayed gratification.
Dr Ashok Jansari is a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London. Dr Jansari’s research interests include memory disorders, prosopagnosia, executive functions, and synaesthesia. Dr Jansari is most famous for his research into prosopagnosia, having made numerous TV appearances, including on BBC1’s The One Show, as well as hosting his own ‘Neuro Talk’ YouTube channel. His recent publications include 'Acquired synaesthesia following 2C-B use' (2019), 'Using virtual reality to investigate multitasking ability in individuals with frontal lobe lesions' (2019), and 'Identification from CCTV: Assessing police super-recogniser ability to spot faces in a crown and susceptibility to change blindness' (2018).
Cite this Lecture
Jansari, A. (2022, March 14). Biopsychology – From Structure to Function - Brain Specialisation [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/biopsychology-from-structure-to-function/brain-specialisation
Jansari, Ashok. "Biopsychology – From Structure to Function – Brain Specialisation." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 14 Mar 2022, https://www.massolit.io/courses/biopsychology-from-structure-to-function/brain-specialisation