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1. The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the emergence of modern global aid from the mid-twentieth century. In particular, we focus on: (i) Harry S. Truman’s 1949 inaugural address and its role in the establishment of the modern aid system; (ii) the emergence of a hierarchy of nations between developed donors and developing recipients, and the impact of this idea on the way global aid is structured; (iii) Truman’s motivations for promoting overseas aid, including its role in the projection of US power and the fight against Communism.
In this course, Dr Nilima Gulrajani (Overseas Development Institute) explores global aid and its relationship to development. In the first module, we consider the emergence of the modern global aid system from mid-twentieth century. In the second, we think about states’ motivations for giving aid and the proliferation of aid providers from the global south. In the third module, we look at how aid is defined, focusing especially on the Development Assistance Committee’s definition of Overseas Development Assistance. In the fourth and fifth modules, we focus on aid effectiveness and the debate between aid radicals, who argue that aid should be discontinued, and aid reformers who seek to improve the aid system. In the final module, we consider UK aid policy and the global rise of aid nationalism.
Dr Nilima Gulrajani is a Senior Research Fellow at the Overseas Development Institute. She has written very widely on international development assistance, and her expertise includes the management and governance of aid assistance, aid effectiveness, and principled aid.
Cite this Lecture
Gulrajani, N. (2021, August 23). Aid and Development - The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://www.massolit.io/courses/aid-and-development/the-emergence-of-aid-from-the-mid-twentieth-century
Gulrajani, N. "Aid and Development – The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 23 Aug 2021, https://www.massolit.io/courses/aid-and-development/the-emergence-of-aid-from-the-mid-twentieth-century