You are not currently logged in. Please create an account or log in to view the full course.

Aid and Development

1. The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century

This is the course trailer. Please create an account or log in to view this lecture.

  • Description
  • Cite

About this Lecture


In this lecture, we think about the emergence of modern global aid from the mid-twentieth century, focusing in particular on: (i) Harry S. Truman’s 1949 inaugural address and its role in the establishment of the modern aid system; (ii) the emergence of a hierarchy of nations between developed donors and developing recipients, and the impact of this idea on the way global aid is structured; (iii) Truman’s motivations for promoting overseas aid, including its role in the projection of US power and the fight against Communism.


In this course, Dr Nilima Gulrajani (Overseas Development Institute) explores global aid and its relationship to development. In the first lecture, we consider the emergence of the modern global aid system from mid-twentieth century. In the second lecture, we think about states’ motivations for giving aid and the proliferation of aid providers from the global south. In the third lecture, we look at how aid is defined, focusing especially on the Development Assistance Committee’s definition of Overseas Development Assistance. Next, we focus on aid effectiveness and the debate between aid radicals, who argue that aid should be discontinued, and aid reformers who seek to improve the aid system. In the fifth lecture, we look at aid reform. In the sixth and final lecture, we consider UK aid policy and the global rise of aid nationalism.


Dr Nilima Gulrajani is a Senior Research Fellow at the Overseas Development Institute. She has written very widely on international development assistance, and her expertise includes the management and governance of aid assistance, aid effectiveness, and principled aid.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Gulrajani, N. (2021, August 23). Aid and Development - The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Gulrajani, N. "Aid and Development – The Emergence of Aid from the Mid-Twentieth Century." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 23 Aug 2021,

Image Credits