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Aid and Development

5. Aid Reform

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About this Lecture


In this lecture, we consider efforts to reform aid at the micro, meso and macro levels, focusing in particular on: (i) micro level reforms such as the use of randomised control trials and the incorporation of adaptive management techniques into aid projects; (ii) meso level reforms to the “ecosystem” of institutions which manage aid, notably the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness; (iii) macro level reforms to the overall goals and orientations of global aid, including the incorporation of environmental concerns into aid efforts.


In this course, Dr Nilima Gulrajani (Overseas Development Institute) explores global aid and its relationship to development. In the first lecture, we consider the emergence of the modern global aid system from mid-twentieth century. In the second lecture, we think about states’ motivations for giving aid and the proliferation of aid providers from the global south. In the third lecture, we look at how aid is defined, focusing especially on the Development Assistance Committee’s definition of Overseas Development Assistance. Next, we focus on aid effectiveness and the debate between aid radicals, who argue that aid should be discontinued, and aid reformers who seek to improve the aid system. In the fifth lecture, we look at aid reform. In the sixth and final lecture, we consider UK aid policy and the global rise of aid nationalism.


Dr Nilima Gulrajani is a Senior Research Fellow at the Overseas Development Institute. She has written very widely on international development assistance, and her expertise includes the management and governance of aid assistance, aid effectiveness, and principled aid.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Gulrajani, N. (2021, August 23). Aid and Development - Aid Reform [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Gulrajani, N. "Aid and Development – Aid Reform." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 23 Aug 2021,

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